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引用本文:于雁 王冠军 陈鑫.“阳光护士”在住院患者心理护理中的应用与效果评价[J].中国护理管理,2018,18(12):1659-1662 本文二维码信息
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“阳光护士”在住院患者心理护理中的应用与效果评价
The role of sunshine nurse in psychological care of hospitalized patients
  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-1756.2018.12.015
中文关键词:  住院患者  心理护理  护理实践
English Keywords:inpatients  psychological intervention  nursing practice
基金项目:青岛市市立医院(集团)总院长新技术、新项目创新研究基金(Ⅷ院ZYZJJ2018)
作者单位
于雁 王冠军 陈鑫 青岛市市立医院(集团)护理部266011山东省(于雁陈鑫)医院办公室(王冠军) 
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中文摘要:
      目的:评价住院患者的心理评估及干预模式,为完善住院患者心理护理相关服务体系,制定相关服务规范、服务模式提供参考。方法:医院基于“阳光医院”项目设立“阳光护士”岗位、开展入院患者心理筛查评估,并建立分级心理干预模式。结果:实施心理干预前后抑郁自评量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)中、重度评分住院患者得分的比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);住院患者满意度对护理服务的总体评价满意度为98.20%;实施前、后护士的心理护理能力得到了提升,得分分别为(73.25±8.75)分、(89.01±5.82)分;精神心理科医师对“阳光护士”的服务内容、心理评估能力、心理护理效果的满意度均为100%;实施后6个月精神心理科医师对住院患者的会诊例数为实施前的1.405倍。结论:“阳光护士”护理实践有利于改善患者就医感受,拓展了护理服务内涵,增强了护士的职业价值感,取得了较好的社会、经济效益。
English Summary:
      Objective: To analyze the effects of establishment of psychological screening at admission and personalize care process. Methods: Based on the Sunshine Hospital project, we set up the post of sunshine nurse who was responsible for patients' psychological screening. Then we established the grade mental nursing system. Results: There were significant differences in the scores of SAS and SDS before and after the psychological intervention (P<0.05). The patients' satisfaction of the nursing service was 98.20%. The psychological nursing ability scores of the nurses increased from 73.25±8.75 to 89.01±5.82 after the psychological care implementation. The mental psychologist's satisfaction on the care service, psychological assessment ability and psychological care effects of Sunshine Nurse were 100%. The number of psychiatrists' consultation on inpatients increased 1.405 times in the first 6 months. Conclusion: The sunshine nurse practice is beneficial to improve the patient's medical experience, enhance the nurses' development, and achieve better social and economic benefits.
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